Gum Treatment: Periodontal Disease & Gingivitis
Periodontal disease (Gum disease) is diagnosed by the dentist or dental hygienist during periodontal examination. Your dentist or dental hygienist will use pocket depth, amount of bleeding gums, inflammation, tooth mobility etc to make a diagnosis that will fall into the category below.
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease plaque and its toxins byproducts irritates the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
The gums become very irritated inflamed and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss and teeth mobility may be present.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and the periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed unless treated the effected will become very lose and may be loss. Generalized to moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Periodontal treatment method depends on the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend their appropriate treatment, which can range from one to two regular cleaning, if the disease has progressed to more advance stage a special periodontal cleaning called “ scaling” and “ root planning” (deep cleaning) will be recommended.
Arestin® microspheres is a subgingival sustained-release product containing the antibiotic minocycline hydrochloride incorporated into a bioresorbable polymer, Poly (glycolide-co-di-lactide) or PGLA, for professional subgingival administration into periodontal pockets. Each unit-dose cartridge delivers minocycline hydrochloride equivalent to 1 mg of minocycline-free base. Indicated as an adjunct to scaling and rootplaning procedures for reduction of pocket depth in patients with adult periodontitis.
The role of your dental healthcare team
The good news is that there are effective treatments available for periodontal disease. Your dental healthcare team—which typically includes your dentist, your hygienist, – chooses the most effective method of treatment for your infection and is dedicated to helping you fight periodontal disease.
The treatment your dental healthcare team selects is designed to:
- Reduce the bacteria causing your infection
- Shrink the size of your periodontal pockets
- Manage your infection to stop it from spreading or becoming more severe
Treatment with Arestin Give your gums a fighting chance
Even though deep cleaning (SRP) removes a great deal of the bacteria that cause periodontal infection, the instruments used during this mechanical procedure can’t always reach the bacteria that hide in the bottom of pockets or in difficult-to-reach areas.That’s why a dental healthcare team often decides to add a locally administered antibiotic (LAA) such as ARESTIN®.
Adding ARESTIN® (minocycline hydrochloride) , Microspheres, 1 mg
ARESTIN® is a small amount of antibiotic powder that is easily applied by a dental professional. Clinical studies show that ARESTIN® + SRP is more effective at shrinking the size of infected periodontal pockets than SRP alone. ARESTIN® remains in the pocket for up to 21 days —to help ensure continued treatment ARESTIN® is safe and easy for your dental professional to administer.
Periodontal disease and the risk to overall health The inflammatory response of the periodontal infection cascade is not limited to the peridontium. The red complex bacteria, and other products of infection, can enter the bloodstream. In response, the body produces C-reactive protein, which has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular events, such as heart disease and stroke.
There may be a link between periodontal disease and:
- Heart disease
- Preterm, low-birthweight baby
For any questions on periodontal disease or healthy gums or to make an appointment, please contact our office by calling 703.931.4544, or use our contact page.